Are You “Unconscious” When Under Anesthesia?
Well, yes and no.
According to a recent study published in the Journal of Anesthesia, some patients can respond to verbal commands while under anesthesia. They speculate that “a third state of consciousness could exist.” In other words, there’s a state that’s neither consciousness or unconsciousness.
Under anesthesia, one-third of patients in a study moved their finger if they were asked to. In other words, they were knocked out but were still able to respond to verbal suggestions.
It pains me (pun intended) to think that anesthesia has been in use for centuries, and modern anesthesia (with ether), since about 1846 — and they’re just figuring out that people can respond to suggestion when under anesthesia. And here’s what really bugs me.
We may have a group of people, standing around a person who’s very open to suggestion and who has no safeguards — and the medical folks have no idea that what they say could affect that person in important ways.
One model of hypnosis is that it relaxes the part of the mind that evaluates things. In other words, suggestion are accepted more easily because, in hypnosis, suggestions are not evaluated stringently against existing beliefs. That’s good because it’s often existing beliefs that are getting in the way of the client achieving their goals.
For instance, a client may have a belief that it’s really difficult to stop smoking. They then have a hard time really congruently wanting to stop, because they imagine all sorts of terrible penalties for stopping. When we get beliefs aligned with goals, it’s a lot easier for us to take action!
In hypnosis, the conscious, evaluative mind is relaxed, but it’s not gone. If the hypnotist says something that goes against a client’s morals, typically the client will pop out of trance and be upset with the hypnotist. In other words, the clients’ powers of evaluation will come back on line. They weren’t gone in the first place, just in the background.
In the office, a reputable hypnotist will give suggestions to the client that the two of them have worked out together. It’s not the hypnotist imposing his or her will on the client. It’s the client imposing their will on themselves! The hypnotherapist is the guide.
Safeguards While Under Anesthesia?
When undergoing an operation, you’ve got a bunch of people around that don’t even seem to understand that a person may be suggestible even though they’re unconscious. And generally, they’re not trained in how to use language effectively for giving suggestions. Plus, there’s a good chance that, since the patient is unconscious, there’s no protective mechanism. They can’t activate the part of their mind that evaluates suggestion to reject a suggestion.
So, we’ve got a situation where…
- A patient may be extremely open to suggestion
- The people around are not aware the patient may be extremely open to suggestion
- The patient is unconscious and may have little ability to evaluate the suggestions they hear
- The medical personnel around likely have little or no training on how suggestions might affect a patient
Some Think It’s A Recipe For Disaster
In Dave Elman’s book, Hypnotherapy, he recounts instances where people (he believed) picked up negative suggestions during operations. Some of these people were having severe health consequences as a result. Elman was able to help them by regressing back to the operations and re-interpreting the suggestions.
One example was a suggestion that the patient “would never be the same.” The patient took that to mean that they would never be healthy again. The medical person simply meant they’d never have the problem again. Elman’s theory was that the patient took on “never be the same” as a negative suggestion. Once that suggestion was re-interpreted, Elman’s client recovered.
What Is The Truth
We don’t know what the truth is here. This was just one study (although there are others). We don’t know what went on in Dave Elman’s sessions and if his theories were accurate. But there’s enough evidence for me to figure out what I would recommend if you or a loved one has to undergo anesthesia. Here’s the drill (dental pun).
- Wear headphones and listen to positive suggestions and music during your operation (clear it with your doctor). This will help block out any unwanted suggestions from medical folks.
- Do some positive visualization/self-hypnosis before your surgery.
- Do some positive visualization/self-hypnosis after your surgery.
If you’re a medical professional that’s going to be present during surgery, I have a different set of recommendations.
- Understand that what you say in the operating room might be taken as a suggestion.
- Learn how to phrase suggestions for maximum positive impact.
- Don’t say anything you wouldn’t feel comfortable saying to a patient if they were awake.
- If you need your patient to respond physically in a certain way, tell them to do it. (“Stop the bleeding in your left arm, George.”) Repeat those types of suggestions several times to give them a chance to respond.
- Train others around you to do the same.
PS: I’m sure the authors of the study would have found that a greater percentage of patients would have responded to their suggestions if they would have done two things…
- Repeated their suggestions many times.
- Given the patients lots of time to respond.
- Used imagination in their suggestions (“It’s as if a helium balloon is tied to your finger, lifting up…, up…”).
- Created other scenarios that would naturally result in a finger moving (“You can remember what it feels like to have a fly land on your finger. Your finger twitches. Feel the fly now. Twitch your finger…”).
OK, so that’s more than two things. And those were just off the top of my head.